(1927) is one of the most influential alto saxophonists in the early development of modern jazz. He incorporated many of the harmonic ideas of Charlie Parker into his playing. Konitz grew up in Chicago and played in the influential Claude Thornhill band, was member of Miles Davis' Birth of the Cool-nonet and he is regarded as one of the architects of 'cool' playing. In 1949 he joined Lennie Tristano and experimented in free jazz with pianist Paul Bley. After a period in Stan Kenton's band in the early 1950s he continued to excel in all sizes of ensemble, but his most original and challenging work has been in duos, trios and quartets, particularly his regular pairing with pianist Harold Danko. Since the mid-1960s , Konitz has lived and worked in Europe.