Richard Georg Strauss was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras. He is known for his operas, which include Der Rosenkavalier
, Die Frau ohne Schatten
; his Lieder, especially his Four Last Songs
; his tone poems, including Don Juan
, Death and Transfiguration
, and An Alpine Symphony
; and other instrumental works such as Metamorphosen
and his Oboe Concerto. Strauss was also a prominent conductor in Western Europe and the Americas, enjoying quasi-celebrity status as his compositions became standards of orchestral and operatic repertoire.
Strauss, along with Gustav Mahler
, represents the late flowering of German Romanticism
after Richard Wagner
, in which pioneering subtleties of orchestration are combined with an advanced harmonic style.